There are two types of “Management” – Proactive and Reactive.
Proactive management is making things happen while reactive management entails waiting for things to happen.
Planning and control go hand in hand. Planning provides two important contributions to the control process – planning helps in providing an early warning system to detect deviations from the plan. The data generated helps in comparing the actual results with the desired results and correct the deviations.
Managers fail because they are overburdened with time-consuming activities, which can be resolved if they are delegated to the subordinates. A well-trained subordinate will perform the task if the manager delegates authority clearly. However, if the task is not properly defined or if the subordinate does not have sufficient delegation of authority to perform the task, the manager has to spend his time in correcting the work and supervising his subordinates.
The job of a manager is to manage and get work done by others. Efficient managers delegate as many routine tasks as they can to their subordinates, so that they can concentrate on the more important decisions and tasks on hand. For a growing organization, delegation is the key to success. The manager cannot be everywhere and do everything. That is why it is so finding high impact employees an important management skill, it allows the manager to assign responsibilities to the right people.
It is a core competency of effective management to remember that every assignment of importance is a training and coaching opportunity. It the assignment is anything other than a routine task, thinking about how to help a given employee grow and working that objective into the execution of the assignment is a growth opportunity. Whatever skills or ability that would help an employee provides an opportunity to work that into the delegated assignment itself. that is real pro-active management at work!
Issues with Procrastination for Management
Procrastination is the process of delaying doing work. For a manager, small task when delayed lead to crisis. The best way to go over this is to attack the task and solve the problem. Delegation is one of the processes by which the manager can solve the problem. Delegation entails a two-way relationship between the person who delegates the work (manager) and the person to whom the task is delegated (the subordinate).
Once the manager has decided to delegate the work and has identified a subordinate to implement the task, he needs to follow three steps – briefing the task, monitoring the progress of work and evaluating results (which is basically comparing the actual results with the plans and rectifying the deviations).
Successful managers are those who encourage delegation of work and assign the task to their subordinates in faith and trust. They act as mentors to their subordinates. A good manager will delegate work, and by monitoring and helping the subordinate, and may help him in becoming an efficient and effective worker. Understanding the skills to become a pro-active manager is really a game changer. It seems obvious, and most managers would say “certainly”, but executing consistently around this skills takes commitment and focus. Making this skill part of your management development goals should be a priority.
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